COPYRIGHT AND FAIR DEALING POLICY
APPROVED BY EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE: SEPTEMBER 12, 2012
SUPERSEDES POLICY: A-C-3 COPYRIGHT
To outline the College policy with respect to copyright and fair dealing.
This Copyright and Fair Dealing Policy applies fair dealing in non-profit and post-secondary educational institutions and provides reasonable safeguards for the owners of copyright-protected works in accordance with the Copyright Act and the Supreme Court decisions.
The fair dealing provision in the Copyright Act permits use of a copyright-protected work without permission from the copyright owner or the payment of copyright royalties. To qualify for fair dealing, two tests must be passed.
First, the "dealing" must be for a purpose stated in the Copyright Act: research, private study, criticism, review, news reporting, education, satire and parody. Educational use of a copyright-protected work passes the first test.
The second test is that the dealing must be "fair". In landmark decisions in 2004 and in 2012, the Supreme Court of Canada provided guidance as to what this test means in schools and post-secondary educational institutions.
1. Teachers, instructors, professors and staff members in non-profit educational institutions may communicate and reproduce, in paper or electronic form, short excerpts from a copyright-protected work for the purposes of research, private study, criticism, review, news reporting, education, satire and parody.
2. Copying or communicating short excerpts from a copyright-protected work under this Copyright and Fair Dealing Policy for the purpose of news reporting, criticism or review should mention the source and, if given in the source, the name of the author or creator of the work.
3. A single copy of a short excerpt from a copyright-protected work may be provided or communicated to each student enrolled in a class or course:
a) As a class handout
b) As a posting to a learning or course management system that is password protected or otherwise restricted to students of a school or post-secondary educational institution
c) As part of a course pack
4. A short excerpt means:
a) Up to 10% of a copyright-protected work (including a literary work, musical score, sound recording, and an audiovisual work)
b) One chapter from a book
c) A single article from a periodical
d) An entire artistic work (including a painting, print, photograph, diagram, drawing, map, chart, and plan) from a copyright-protected work containing other artistic works
e) An entire newspaper article or page
f) An entire single poem or musical score from a copyright-protected work containing other poems or musical scores
g) An entire entry from an encyclopedia, annotated bibliography, dictionary or similar reference work
5. Copying or communicating multiple short excerpts from the same copyright-protected work, with the intention of copying or communicating substantially the entire work, is prohibited.
6. Copying or communicating that exceeds the limits in this Copyright and Fair Dealing Policy may be referred to the College’s Manager of Library Services. An evaluation of whether the proposed copying or communication is permitted under fair dealing will be made based on all relevant circumstances.
7. Any fee charged by the educational institution for communicating or copying a short excerpt from a copyright-protected work must be intended to cover only the costs of the institution, including overhead costs.
Fair Dealing Factors
You must consider the following Fair Dealing Factors before you copy or distribute a work:
•The purpose of the copying: Is the copying for one of the following purposes: education, research, private study, criticism or review, news reporting, parody or satire?
•The amount of the copying: How much is being copied? One chapter from a book or one article from a journal may be considered fair.
•The character of the copying: How broadly will the work be distributed? Will it be accessible only to eligible students?
•Alternatives to copying the work: Is the same or equivalent work available in the library databases? Is there a non-copyrighted alternative?
•The nature of the work: including whether it is published or unpublished
•The effect of the copying on the work: Will the copying undermine the market for the work?
Ron Doyle Library
443 Northern Avenue
Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario
(705) 759-2554 ext. 2711